SAP password hash hacking Part VI: extended wordlists

As explained in the previous blogs many people use a word followed by a rule like add special and digit. Or use a word and replace character with digit or special character.

In the first blog the 10.000 word list was used.

This blog will make you aware of the existence of far more word lists and how to counter these.

Wordlists

Wordlists available:

  • Dictionaries for each language, like Webster for English. Each language has their own preferred dictionary
  • Keyboard walk list: contains fragments like QWER, UIOP, ASDF etc. These fragments are used in so-called combination attacks by using multiple fragments like: Qwer1234!@#$ (which is 3 keyboard walks)
  • Wikipedia list; this list is huge and simply contains a list of ALL words ever used on Wikipedia
  • Public site or intranet site keywords; comparable to Wikipedia, but targeted towards a single organization. Many people use the company name, department name, project name or another internal name as part of their password
  • All placenames (cities, provinces, states, countries, rivers, etc) in the world
  • All movies, actors, actrices, characters
  • Sport names and sports players
  • Lists from previous password hacks: like the LinkedIn list, RockYou list, etc.

The creator of John The Ripper offers them for money on their site (for cracking, still use hascat…).

Counter measures for attacks done by word lists

Counter measures:

  • User education to use not a single word, but two or more words in the password
  • Use single sign on in stead of passwords
  • Use generated passwords in secure storage

ABAP2XLS framework

The ABAP2XLS framework is a nice framework to speed up the development time and options to work with XLS from ABAP.

Installation

Follow the instructions on the ABAP2XLS github site to download and install. Also install the demo programs.

Demo programs

Run program ZABAP2XLSX_DEMO_SHOW to see the demo programs:

Double clicking on a program will show the coding on the right hand side and also start the demo program. In this case generating xls with multiple tabs with just a few lines of coding.

There are many options possible. Just look at the demo programs and re-use the coding.

Data archiving: production order

This blog will explain how to archive production order data via object PP_ORDER. Generic technical setup must have been executed already, and is explained in this blog.

Object PP_ORDER

Go to transaction SARA and select object PP_ORDER.

Dependency schedule is empty, so there are no dependencies:

Main tables that are archived:

  • AFKO (order headers)
  • AFPO (order items)
  • AUFK (order master data)

Technical programs and OSS notes

Preprocessing program: PPARCHP1

Write program: PPARCHA1

Delete program: PPARCHD1

Read from archive: PPARCHR1

Relevant OSS notes:

Guided procedure on production order archiving issues can be found here.

Application specific customizing

For archiving object PP_ORDER there is application specific customizing to perform. Select the order type:

And set the residence times:

Residence time 1 determines the time interval (in calendar months) that must elapse between setting the delete flag (step 1) and setting the deletion indicator (step 2).

Residence time 2 determines the time (in calendar months) that must elapse between setting the deletion indicator (step 2) and reorganizing the object (step 3).

Executing the preprocessing run

In transaction SARA, PP_ORDER select the preprocessing run:

Select your data, save the variant and start the archiving preprocessing run.

The run will show several functional issues: orders that are not completed and could not be marked for deletion with the functional reason.

Executing the write run and delete run

In transaction SARA, PP_ORDER select the write run:

Select your data, save the variant and start the archiving write run.

After the write run is done, check the logs. PP_ORDER archiving has low speed, and medium percentage of archiving (60 to 80%).

Proved a good name for the archive file for later use!

Deletion run is standard by selecting the archive file and starting the deletion run.

Data retrieval

Data retrieval is via program PPARCHR1:

Important here to select the correct archive files.

Output is a list on the left side with details on the right hand side of the screen in table format:

Batch job event triggering

Batch job event triggers can be used in a smart way to trigger a batch job when needed.

Defining the event in SM64

In transaction SM64 you can see the current events and also create a new custom event:

Triggering the event

The event can be triggered from SM64 by selecting the event and pressing the Execute button:

Or you can trigger from an ABAP program with the function module BP_RAISE_EVENT.

FORM RAISE_EVENT. 
  CALL FUNCTION 'BP_EVENT_RAISE' 
    EXPORTING 
      EVENTID = 'ZMYEVENT'  
      EVENTPARM = 'EVENTPARM 'Test'  
      TARGET_INSTANCE = ' ' 
    EXCEPTIONS BAD_EVENTID = 1. 
ENDFORM. " RAISE_EVENT

Or you can trigger from OS level with the sapevt program.

Schedule job with event trigger

Now we will schedule the job in SM36 using a test program ZHELLOEVENT. In the job definition we will run the program ZHELLOEVENT. In the scheduling we will use the start condition After Event:

When you trigger the event now in SM36 you see the job will execute nicely. Go to transaction SM37 and key in the Or after event search option:

You will now find the jobs after the event triggering.

Jobs waiting for a trigger

To find batch jobs that are still waiting for a trigger, use SE11 to see the content of table BTCEVTJOB.

OSS notes

Relevant OSS notes:

FOR ALL ENTRIES statement tuning on Oracle database

In very weird cases you get performance issues on one system and not on the other. This can happen when running Oracle and using the FOR ALL ENTRIES statement for very large data sets, while it is fine on smaller sets.

The background is Oracle blocking factors. The full background can be read in these 2 SAP notes:

The solution is to give an Oracle hint (see note 129385 – Database hints in Open SQL) with a lower number of blocking factors.

%_HINTS ORACLE '&prefer_in_itab_opt 1&&max_in_blocking_factor 100&'

Performance issue solved…

If you migrate to HANA or different database, you need to remove or redo the hint again.